Ohio is a Border State: Immigration Enforcement & Asylum Data from the Midwest

  • In FY 2021, the immigration court in Cleveland, Ohio has received 2,816 new deportation cases. People from Honduras made up the largest group of cases with 466 new cases filed, followed by cases involving people from Guatemala (458), Venezuela (252), Brazil (250), and Mexico (196) (See data here.)
  • A total of 14,963 deportation cases are currently pending at the Cleveland immigration court. (See data here.)
  • The backlog of deportation cases in Ohio doubled f since the start of the Trump administration when between 6,000 and 7,000 cases were pending. (See data here.)
  • Across Ohio, Franklin County (Columbus) has more immigrants currently facing deportation than any other county in the state with 4,152 pending cases. Hamilton County (Cincinnati) has 3,277 pending cases, and Cuyahoga County (Cleveland) has 1,083 pending cases.
  • Less than one in five (17%) immigrants in Ohio with new deportation cases filed in the past 90 days have an attorney. (See data here.)
  • Immigration judges in Cleveland have completed 375 asylum cases so far in FY 2021. Last year, in FY 2020, they completed 624. (See data here.)
  • Immigration judges have denied 80% of all asylum applications in FY 2021. This is significantly higher than the national average. (See data here.)
  • The asylum denial rate at the Cleveland immigration court has exceeded the national average for years. The denial rate increased steadily from 72% in FY 2015 and has hovered around 90% for the past three years.
  • Immigration judges at the nearby Detroit immigration court denied far fewer asylum cases (60%) compared to Cleveland.
  • In FY 2021, immigration judges in Cleveland have denied bond in 82% of the 119 bond hearings completed so far. This is higher than the previous year when, in FY 2020, immigration judges denied 55% of 426 bond hearings. (See data here.)

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I study America’s immigration enforcement system. Assistant Professor at TRAC. Graduate of OSU Geography. Online at austinkocher.com.

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Austin Kocher, PhD

Austin Kocher, PhD

I study America’s immigration enforcement system. Assistant Professor at TRAC. Graduate of OSU Geography. Online at austinkocher.com.

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